New Media Capitals

Media Capitals:

  • “focus our attention on differences as well as similarities” and asks us to think in terms of patterned change rather than essential qualities.(Khorana, 2014.)
  •  create multi-directional media flows that derive from places like Hong Kong, Cairo, Bangkok, and Bombay.
  •  according to Curtin, these disrupt conventional structures of domination.
  • are classified by their centralization of television and media production (Curtin, 2003).

Bangkok is the global social media capital, Honk Kong is a music media capital with the rising popularity and wealth of Cantopop or HKpop. The rise of globalisation in recent years has caused the new generation in Hong Kong to be influenced by Western ideaologies in film and television.


This can be seen through the emergence of crime Dramas in China and Hong Kong and also through the rise of advertising (Khorana, 2014.) The city’s emergence as a media capital depended on influences exerted by migration of cultural institutions and creative talent.

In 2009, many International students in Melbourne, Australia were attacked for their ethnicity, the majority being Indian. One attack was on a train where 7 men aged from 15-20 bashed a man by himself, events such as these have provoked mass media coverage. The Indian media responded to these events in a manner that spoke of Australia in a tarnished way, the coverage was ongoing and very unknown to the Australian media. Shukmani largely focuses on the Australian media’s response to this coverage that the attacks received in India. Indian media, it became clear, was not something to be taken lightly, as Khorana states in her text “Orientalising the Emerging Media Capitals: The Age on Indian TV’s Hysteria” (2012.)

Australia in Indian Media - Indian Express 2013


Khorana, S. 2014. Television and the Emergence of ‘New’ Media Capitals, lecture notes in International Media and Communication at the University of Wollongong. 3rd September 2014.

Khorana, S. 2012, ‘Orientalising the Emerging Media Capitals: The Age on Indian TV’s‘Hysteria’, Media International Australia, (8/1/07-Current), 145, pp. 39-49.

Curtin, Michael (2009) ‘Matrix Media’. Television Studies After TV: Understanding Television in the Post-Broadcast Era. Eds Graeme Turner and Jinna Tay. London: Routledge. pp. 9–19.

Image: 2014. Buy Cantopop Gifts | idakoos. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].

Image: 2014. Student attacked in Australia: One suspect held,Indian Consulate in touch with kin | The Indian Express. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].


Sex and the (Middle Eastern) City

Underlying biases perpetuate through films and media that is projected onto other cultures. Global News highlights unjust and horribly violent events happening all over the world, and many movies display stereotypical archetypes. This weeks group presentation spoke briefly about the racial scenes presented in The Sex and the City movie.

I would like to draw on this case study further, and start with the fact that the show and movie solely depicts the lives of four white women. In the show itself “the deletion of any people of color from background scenes, street scenes, and everyday life is a gross misrepresentation of the demographic realities of New York City” Says Adia Wingfield.

There are many racial issues in the film, such as “Mexican workers at the resort who are only there to serve the four main characters.” and the depiction of Charlottes’ adopted Asian daughter, Lily who is “ever-present but curiously silent adopted Chinese daughter” (Wingfield)

In fact there is a whole collection of offensive scene in the movie, especially to Middle Eastern viewers. In this scene that the group showed in class the 4 New York girls discuss the fashion of Burqas in Abu Dhabi. Burqas swiftly become a leading theme, says James Macintyre, at the conclusion of the film – some women in burqas reveal that they, too, wear fashion items underneath, as if Muslim women are actually okay because they can lower themselves to superficial western standards. This movie emanates the idea that Western lifestyles are  far better than others or that “west is best”.

“Not since 1942’s Arabian Nights has orientalism been portrayed so unironically. All Middle Eastern men are shot in a sparkly light with jingly-jangly music just in case you didn’t get that these dusky people are exotic and different.” says Hadley Freeman.

More racist clips/offensive scenes from SATC Movie with additional criticism
References:2008. Race and “Sex and the City” – . [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014]. 2010. New Statesman | Racism and the City: the ghastliness of Carrie and her gang. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].

2010. The death of Sex and the City | Film | The Guardian . [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].

Image: 2010. Lifting the burka off Sex and the City 2 | Film + TV | Halifax, Nova Scotia | THE COAST. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].

2012. Sex and the City 2: review of racist stereotypes and general fail – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].

2010. Extrait burqa – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 October 2014].

G’day, Mate!

Australian English- it comes naturally to Australians, but to the rest of the world- not so much. Australians shorten as many words as possible and speak very quickly, these colloquialisms are very difficult for people of other races to understand. This reduces International students being able to “speak and understand English in Australia” (Scheyvens et al., 2003). 

“It is not only English language that prevents students from speaking and mixing with local students but also knowing what to speak about” (Novera, 2004: 480). Facing this language barrier is one of the many difficulties International Students face when studying in Australian Universities.

High rent, visa restrictions that make working difficult, high transport fees and food costs all add up to create a very high cost for international students during their stay in Australia, on them and their families back home.

Many Australians, according to Cameron and Meade (2002) tend to view “international students, particularly Asian students as a homogenous group”, which leads to Australian students tending not to befriend or extensively interact with these peers.

Australian Pub and Club culture also makes it tough for Australian and International Students to meet. Peter Kell and Gillian Vogl from UOW state that International students either can’t “afford to and those who cannot drink alcohol for cultural and religious reasons”. Religion can be very divisive in countries where practicing that religion is not common. My Tutor, Charlotte, gave the example of the Muslim religion which requires prayer at certain times of the day. In an Australian university setting, it would be very uncomfortable to ask where to privately pray.


1. Breaking booze culture with sweeping reforms . [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 25 August 2014].

2. International students face rising costs in Australia – YouTube. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 25 August 2014].